ASSESSING RESOURCE USE EFFICIENCY AND INVESTMENT IN SMALL-SCALE OKRA PRODUCTION IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA


Abstract

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) yield is characterized by low productivity but may be increased through the adoption of new technology or the efficient allocation of existing resources. In addition, improving the level of resource allocation is important for improving productivity. This study investigated resource use efficiency in small-scale okra production. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 100 respondents. The primary data generated through the survey of 100 okra farmers were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the ordinary least squares regression model, and marginal value analysis. The average age of the respondents was 45 years, with 7 members in the household, and 2.8ha being farmed. The ordinary least squares regression estimate indicated age, labor, farm size, and herbicide and insecticide use that influenced okra production. Returns to scale was 2.09; resource use efficiency indicated the following values: farm size 0.343, herbicide application 0.857, insecticide application 0.75, and labor 4.80. The high cost of inputs (1.93), low numbers of extension contact with farmers (1.82), high incidence of pests and disease (1.49), non-access to credit (1.39), difficulty in obtaining labor (1.23), drought (1.15), and marketing problems (1.09) are constraints negatively affecting okra production. Although the positive and statistically significant effect of pesticides, farm size, and labor indicate these inputs can effectively improve okra production, small-scale okra production is inefficient because farmers use too many pesticides and farmland and less labor than is needed. The marginal product of inputs is not enough to offset the corresponding marginal cost. Therefore, small-scale farmers should operate on smaller farms than they currently do, apply pesticides at recommended rates, and spend more on labor. So, training should be organized through extension workers and agricultural research stations to improve scientific knowledge of farmers for efficient use of productive resources.

Keywords

resource use; efficiency; okra; production; Osun State

Adeboye, O.C., Awokoya J.O., Oluseyi, E. (2009). Effect of seasonal changes on growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschs esculentus L. Moench). Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci., 5(9), 940–943.
Adedeji, T.O. (2004). Income risk and welfare status of rural households in Nigeria: Ekiti State as a test case. WIDER Research Paper no 2004/61.
Adeyemo, R., Kehinde, A.D., Oyenpemi, L.O. (2020). Assessing resource use efficiency and investment in cocoa enterprise: A case of Osun State, Nigeria. Agricultura, 113–114 (1–2), 260–269.
Ash, K. (2011). Risk management in agriculture in New Zealand, OECD Food and agricultural policy analyst. OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate. New Zealand.
Egwu, E.W., Nto, P.O., Mbanasor, J.A., Kalu, K.U. (2013). Technical efficiency of commercial vegetable production in AkwaIbom State, Nigeria. Nig. Agric. J., 41(2), 157–161.
Evensteil, K. (2009). Production practices and simple costs to produce furrow irrigation Okra. Econ. Bot., 44(1), 22–36.
Fakayode, S.B., Rahji, M.A.Y., Adeniyi, S.T. (2012). Economic analysis of risks in fruit and vegetable farming in Osun State, Nigeria. Bangl. J. Agric. Res., 37(3), 473–491.
Farinde, A.J., Owolarafe, O.K., Ogungbemi, O.I. (2007). Assessment of production, processing, marketing and utilization of okra in Egbedore local government area of Osun State, Nigeria. J. Agronom., 5, 342–349.
Ibitoye, S.J., Shaibu, U.M., Omole, B., (2015). Analysis of Resource Use Efficiency in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Production in Kogi State, Nigeria. Asian J. Agric. Exten. Econ. Soc., 6(4), 220–229.
Ijoyah, M.O., Dzer, D.M (2012). Yield performance of pkra (Abelmoscus esculentus L. Moench and Maize (Zea mays L.) as affected by time of planting in Makurdi, Nigeria. J. Agronom., 1(7).
Kehinde, A.D. (2021). Does investment in poultry egg production yield any profit? Agricultura, 117–118 (1–2), 116–122.
Law-Ogbomo, K.E., Osaigbovo, A.U., Ewansiha, S.U. (2013). Responses of okra (Abelmoscus Esculentus) to various periods of weed interference in a humid tropical environment. Inter. J. Agric. Rural Dev., 16(1), 1368–1371.
Ngbede, S.O., Onyegbule, U.N., Ibekwe, H.N., Uwalaka, O.A., Okpara, S.C. (2014). Economic analysis of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) production under different rates of organic manure in Okigwe, Southern Nigeria. Asian J. Agric. Food Sci., 2(2), 96–99.
Nwaobiala, C.U., Ogbonna, M.O. (2014). Adoption determinants and profitability analysis of okra farming in Aninri Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. Dis. J. Agric. Food Sci., 2 (1), 1–10.
Ramaila, M., Mahlangu, S., Du Toit, D. (2011). Agricultural productivity in South Africa: Literature review. Report No. 1. University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
Schipper, R.R. (2000). African Indigenous Vegetables: An Overview of the Cultivated Species, Natural Resource Institute. E.U. Technical Centre of Agriculture and Rural Cooperation, Chathan, UK.
Terwase, S. (2013). Determination of resource use efficiency of rice farmers in Kaambe District of Guma Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. World J. Agric. Res., 1(6), 143–148.
Ume, S.I., Arene, C.I., Okpukpara, B. (2005). Adoption of improved crop production technology in Anambra State, Nigeria: T & V system approach. Farm Management Association of Nigeria, 20th Annual National Conference held at Jos.
Ume, S.I., Ezeano, C.I., Agu, L.U., Emma-Ajah, I.J. (2016). Resource use efficiency among cocoyam farmers in Anambra State of Nigeria. Asian Res. J. Arts Soc. Sci., 1(3), 1–11.
Ume, S.I., Ezeano, C.I., Chukwuigwe, O., Gbughemobi, B.O. (2018a). Resource use and technical efficiency of okra production among female headed household: Implication for poverty alleviation in the rural areas of south east, Nigeria. Int. J. Adv. Res. Dev., 3(2), 1028–1040.
Ume, S.I., Nweke, J.C., Ucha, S.O., Idahosa, E.O. (2018b). Allocative efficiency in Okra (Abelmoschus spp.) production in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria. Arch. Curr. Res. Int., 15(1), 1–7.
Usman, J., Bakar, U.M. (2013). Profitability of small-scale dry season tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) production in Adamawa States, Nigeria. J. Sci. Technol., 3(6), 25–39.
Download

Published : 2022-10-10


Kehinde, A., & Kehinde, A. (2022). ASSESSING RESOURCE USE EFFICIENCY AND INVESTMENT IN SMALL-SCALE OKRA PRODUCTION IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 65(3), 219–227. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2022.01553

Ayodeji Kehinde  Kehindeayodeji8@gmail.com
Obafemi Awolowo Unversity Ile-Ife  Nigeria
Ayodeji Damilola Kehinde 
Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria  Niger


CitedBy Crossref
0

CitedBy Scopus
0

HTML tutorial

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.