Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

The editors of this journal enforce a rigorous peer-review process with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure to include high quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. Plagiarism, data fabrication, and image manipulation are not tolerated.

Ethical policy of Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) recommendations.  COPE aims to define best practice in the ethics of scholarly publishing and to assist editors, editorial board members, owners of journals and publishers to achieve this goal.

The following presents only a few guidelines to the ethical policy of Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development. Please see the original documents to obtain more detailed requirements (

Duties of Editors:

The editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication undergo peer-review by at least two reviewers who are expert in the field. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its originality and importance to researchers and readers, the reviewers’ comments, and such legal requirements as are currently in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Editor-in-Chief may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

The editors will not disclose information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers or potential reviewers, or other members of the editorial board.

Editors strive to meet the needs of readers and authors, ensure the high quality of the published material, protect the confidentiality of all information and be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, reactions and apologies when the need arises. Editors (in conjunction with the publisher) will take responsive measures when ethical concerns are raised with regard to a submitted manuscript or published paper. Every reported act of unethical publishing behaviour will be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. The editors follow the COPE Flowcharts when dealing with cases of suspected misconduct. If, on investigation, the ethical concern is well-founded, a correction, retraction, expression of concern or other note as may be relevant, will be published in the journal.

Duties of Authors:
Authors must confirm that all the work in the submitted manuscript is original and acknowledge and cite content reproduced from other sources. Authors should obtain permission to reproduce any content from other sources and declare any potential conflict of interest.

Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported in the manuscript should also be cited.

Authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behaviour and unacceptable.

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.

The authorship of the paper should be limited to those who: (i) made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study; and (ii) drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content; and (iii) have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication. The editors of Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development lead the policy of ghostwriting and guest authorship prevention.

The authors describe their individual contributions to the papers as follows: Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; Methodology, X.X.; Validation, X.X., Y.Y..; Formal Analysis, X.X.; Investigation, X.X.; Resources, X.X.; Data Curation, X.X.; Writing – Original Draft Preparation, X.X.; Writing – Review & Editing, X.X.; Visualization, X.X.; Supervision, X.X.

X.X. and Y.Y. refers to the Authors’ names.

All persons who made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript but who do not meet the criteria for authorship must not be listed as an author, but might be acknowledged in the "Acknowledgements" section. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate coauthors are included in the author list and verify that all coauthors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication.

When authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, it is their obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editors or publisher and cooperate with them to either correct the paper in the form of an erratum or to retract the paper. If the editors or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error or inaccuracy, then it is the authors’ obligation to promptly correct or retract the paper or provide evidence to the journal editors of the correctness of the paper.

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Duties of Reviewers:
Reviewers need to be objective and constructive in their reviews and provide feedback that will help the authors to improve their manuscript, keep all manuscript and review details confidential and to alert the editor to any published or submitted content that is substantially similar to that under review.

Reviewers should not consider manuscripts with conflicts of interest, competitive, financial, or collaborative. If a potential reviewer feels unqualified to review the manuscript, that reviewer should notify the editors immediately and decline the review.

Manuscripts received for review will be treated as confidential documents and not shown or discussed with other without authorization from the editors. Reviewer misconduct (breach of confidentiality, delay of peer review, plagiarism, or conflicts of interest) will not be tolerated.

Any invited referee who has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the manuscript and the work described therein should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

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Role of the Publisher:  In cases of proven scientific misconduct, plagiarism, or fraudulent publication, the publisher, in collaboration with the editorial board, will take appropriate action to clarify the situation, publish an erratum, or retract the work in question.