AN ASSESSEMENT OF YOUTH MIGRATION AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG FARMING HOUSEHOLDSA

YOUTH MIGRATION AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN KWARA STATE


Abstract

Food insecurity is fast becoming a key topic in economic growth and development. Hence, this study examined food security status before and after youth migration and assessed the effect of youth migration on food security among farming households. A two-stage sampling technique was employed to obtain data from 240 respondents. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, likert scale, food security index and binary logistic regression. The result revealed that most (86.3%) of the respondents were males with an average age of 48.5years. The reasons behind youth migration are poor roads, the search for white collar jobs and laborious nature of farming. Furthermore, the average yield before and after youth migration were 1879.8 kg/ha and 884.1kg/ha grain equivalent respectively. Moreover, 61.7% and 38.3% of the households were food secure and food insecure before youth migration respectively. Worst still, after youth migration, 70% of the households were food insecure while 30% were food secure. The ratio of rural youth migrants to household size, crop yield difference, level of education, household size, food crop losses, quantity of cereals consumed, quantity of legume consumed, quantity of root and tuber crops consumed and access to remittances were the variables explaining food security in the area. Governments at all levels should provide basic infrastructural facilities in the rural areas to encourage youth to stay at home. Youth should be enlightened on the negative consequences of migration. Policies towards reducing household size should be encouraged to raise food security of households

Keywords

Households, Infrastructures, Logistic regression, Migration, Remittances and Youth

Agenzia Italiana per la Cooperazione allo Sviluppo. 2017. Rome – Sixty years and beyond: Italy celebrates development cooperation as a pillar of the EU. Retrieved from: http://www.agenziacooperazione.gov.it/?cat=343
Akinsanmi A. & Doppler, W. (2005). Socio-economic and food security of farming families in Southeast Nigeria. Paper presented at Tropentary, Conference on international agricultural research and development, University of Honhentiem, Stuttgart, Germany.
Amaza, P.S., Adejobi, A.O. & Fregene, T. (2008). Measurement and determinants of food insecurity in Northeast Nigeria: Some empirical policy guidelines. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 6 (2): 92-96.
Andersson, R., (2014). Illegality, Inc.: Clandestine migration and the business of bordering Europe (Vol. 28). Univ of California Press.
Babatunde, R.O. Omotesho, O. & Sholotan, O.S., (2007). Socio-economic characteristics and food security status of farming households in Kwara State, North-Central Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 6, 49-58.
FAO, (2005). Food and agricultural organization. The state of food insecurity in the world, 2005, Rome, 2.
FAO, (2006). Defining food security: The special programme for food security. http://www.fao.org/spfs/
FAO. 2018. The State of Food and Agriculture 2018. Migration, Agriculture and Rural Development. Rome
FAO, IFAD, UNICEF,WFP &WHO. (2017). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017. Building resilience for peace and food security. Rome: FAO. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/a- I7695e.pdf.
FAO, IFAD, UNICEF,WFP &WHO. (2018). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in theWorld 2018. Building climate resilience for food security and nutrition. Rome: FAO. Retrieved from http://www.fao. org/3/i9553en/i9553en.pdf .
Ibiremo, OS; Ipinmoroti, RR; Ogunlade, MO; Daniel, MA & Iremiren, GO (2010). Assessment of soil fertility for cocoa production in Kwara state: southern guinea savanna zone of Nigeria. Journal Agricultural Science, 1(1): 11-18
Kwara State Agricultural Development Projects (KWADPs) Progress Report (2000). From (Retrieved on 4 June 2018).
Muhammed-Lawal (2008). Analysis of food insecurity situation in rural households in Kwara state, Nigeria, unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.
NPC, (2016). National Population Commission, (2016).
World Bank, (2012). Nigeria Agricultural Production: World Bank Indicators. Washington D.C., World Bank
Download

Published : 2020-12-28


SALAU, S. (2020). AN ASSESSEMENT OF YOUTH MIGRATION AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG FARMING HOUSEHOLDSA. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 58(4), 351–358. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2020.01375

Shehu Abdulganiyu SALAU  abdulganiyu.shehu@kwasu.edu.ng
Kwara State University Malete, Nigeria  Nigeria


CitedBy Crossref
0

CitedBy Scopus
0

HTML tutorial

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.