ANALYSIS OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY IN RURAL ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
This study assessed multidimensional poverty in rural parts of Adamawa state, Nigeria. Specifically, the study objectives were to: describe the respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics, determine their multidimensional poverty status, and identify the determinants of multidimensional poverty in the sampled communities. Multi-stage cluster sampling technique was used to collect primary data from 480 household heads selected from 16 villages across the study area. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, Multidimensional Poverty Analytical Tool (MPAT), and Binary Logistic regression model. The respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics described in the study showed that the mean age was 46.3 years, while the average household size was 7 persons. The study indicated that most (86.7%) of the respondents were male, who are mostly married (91.7%), and that majority (74%) are educated. The distribution of the respondents’ multidimensional poverty status revealed that majority (61.7%) of the households were poor. The study revealed that multidimensional poverty in the study area is influenced negatively by age, marital status, and household size. Similarly, gender, educational level, livelihood activities, farm size, livestock ownership, remittance, membership of group, and access to credit positively influence multidimensional poverty. Key among the recommendations of the study is the adequate provision of basic infrastructure in the area.
multidimensional poverty; rural; Adamawa State; Nigeria
Adamawa State Government. (2016). About Adamawa State. Retrieved March 8, 2016, from www.adamawastate.gov.ng
Adeoti, A. I. (2014). Trend and determinants of multidimensional poverty in rural Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 6(5), 220–231. http://doi.org/10.5897/JDAE2013.0535.
Adepoju, A. O. & Yusuf, S. A. (2012). Poverty and Vulnerability in Rural South-West Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science, 7(6), 430–437.
Agbaje, M. A., Okunmadewa, F. Y., Omomona, B. T., & Oni, O. A. (2013). An Assessment of Vulnerability to Poverty in Rural Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 8(1), 60–75.
Amao, J.O., Ayantoye, K. and Fanifosi, G. E. (2017). An analysis of multidimensional poverty and its determinants in rural Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 9(11), 303-311.
Asogwa, B. C., & Okwoche, Victoria Ada., Umeh, J. C. (2012). Analysing the Determinants of Poverty Severity among Rural Farmers in Nigeria : A Censored Regression Model Approach. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 2(5), 166–176.
Ayoade, A.R., Ogunwale, A.B. and Adewale, J.G .(2011). Impact Of The National Special Programme For Food Security On Poverty Alleviation Among Women In Oyo State, Nigeria. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition, and Development, 11(4), 5060-5082.
Diego, B., Cruces, G., Calva, F.L., Lugo, M. A. & Santos, M. E. (2009). Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American countries. (No. 17). Oxford, UK.
Egwemi, V. and Odo, L. U. (2013). Rural Development and Poverty Eradication in Nigeria. JORIND, 11(1), 101–110.
Ehisuoria, E .S. and Aigbokhaebho, E. I. (2014). Strategies for Rural Poverty Reduction in Ekpoma Region of Edo State , Nigeria. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(9), 100–109.
Holmes, R., Akinrimisi, B., Morgan, J. and Buck, R. (2012). Social Protection in Nigeria - Mapping programmes and their Effectiveness. Overseas Development Institute, p1-80.
Ifelunini, I., Jonah, T.A., Wosowei, E.C. and Otene, S. (2013). Multidimensional Poverty Incidence in Nigeria: Empirical Insight from Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) Survey. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 14(6), 105–112.
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). (2014). The Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool: User’s Guide. An innovative new tool for assessing, understanding and addressing rural poverty. Rome, Italy: IFAD. Retrieved from www.ifad.org/mpat
Le, H. (2015). Multidimensional Poverty : Evidence from Vietnam. Economic Bulletin, 35(4), 2820–2831.
Margwa R. S., Onu J. I., J. J. N. and D. B. (2015). Analysis of poverty level among rural households in Mubi region of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Scientific Research and Studies, 2(1), 29–35.
Mitchell, T., Sabates-Wheeler, R., Devereux, S., Tanner, T, Davies, M. and Leavy, J. (2008). Rural Disaster Risk -Poverty Interface. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton. p1-54.
Mowafi, M. (2003). The Meaning and Measurement of Poverty: A Look into the Global Debate.
Muhammad, M. (2012). Poverty and National Security: A Review of Policies 1960 – 2010. JORIND, 10(2), 243–251. Retrieved from www.transcampus.org./journals, www.ajol.info/journals/jorind
Narayan, D., Chambers, R., Shah, M. K. and Petesch, P. (2000). Voices of the poor: crying out for change. New York: Oxford University Press.
National Bureau of Statistics. (2012). Social and Economic Statistics in Nigeria. Abuja, Nigeria. Retrieved from www.nbs.gov.ng
National Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Data Monitor. Abuja, Nigeria: NBS. Retrieved from www.nbs.gov.ng
Ogbozor, E. (2016). Households in Conflict Network: Causes and Consequence of Violent Extremism in Northeast Nigeria. Brighton, UK. Retrieved from www.hicn.org
Ologbon, O. A. C., Idowu, A. O., Oyebanjo, O. & Akerele, E. O. (2014). Multidimensional Poverty Characteristics among Riverine Households in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 16(6), 126–144.
Onwuemele, A. (2015). Escalating Poverty in Nigeria : Appraising Institutional Frameworks for Poverty Reduction in Nigeria. International Journal of Economic Development Research and Investment, 6(1), 1–21.
Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) (2018). Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2018: The Most Detailed Picture to Date of the World’s Poorest People, University of Oxford, UK. p1-107
Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, OPHI. (2017). OPHI Country Briefing For Nigeria, June 2017. Oxford Department of International Development, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford, p1-10.
Tashikalma, A. K., Aletogbe, B.C. and Michael, A. (2016). Analysis of Poverty Level among Some Selected Households in Girei Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, 16 (3), 345-352.
Tollens, E. (2002). The Challenges of Poverty Reduction with Particular Reference to Rural Poverty and Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa (No. 2002/67). Belgium.
Umunnakwe, V. C. and Pyasi, V. K. (2014). Determinants of Livelihood Patterns among Rural Youths. International Journal of Extension Education, 10, 19–26.
UNDP (2018). National Human Development Report 2018. Achieving Human Development in North East Nigeria. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2018, Plot 617/618 Diplomatic Drive, Central Area District, Diplomatic Zone, Garki, Abuja FCT, Nigeria.
United State Agency For International Development. (2015). Nigeria Development. Abuja, Nigeria.
World Poverty Clock.(2018). Nigeria Poverty Index. Retrieved: 20/12/2018 from: https://www.worldpoverty.io/index
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.