KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN THE ORGANIC FARMING SYSTEM: THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURAL ADVISORY SERVICE


Abstract

In Poland, organic farming has been growing steadily though less rapidly than in other EU Member States. As organic farming is based on knowledge and innovation, access to various kinds of information is critical for its development. Having the above in mind, the authors undertook to investigate the system of knowledge transfer in organic farming and to analyze the impact it has on the development of the organic food market. This paper presents a qualitative study on organic farmers, agricultural advisors and researchers with interest in organic farming (conducted in 2017). It focuses on the role of Agricultural Advisory Centers in knowledge transfer in the organic farming sector because agricultural advisory services are central to the entire knowledge transfer system (while not playing a major role). Research results show that both farmers and advisors claim there are many shortcomings in the knowledge transfer system, caused by multiple factors, including the underfunding of agricultural advisory services, absence of advisors specializing solely in organic farming, and inefficient management of advisory institutions. The increasing significance of private centers was also highlighted. The weakness of the advisory services system could be one of the reasons why organic farming in Poland does not develop as rapidly as in other EU countries.

Keywords

organic farming; knowledge; Agricultural Advisory Center; case study

Acemoglu, D., Robinson, J. A. (2012). Why Nations fail. The origins of power, prosperity and poverty. Crown Business.Caparós, M. (2014). El Hambre. Anagrama.

Baer-Nawrocka, A. (2014). Zmiany w spożyciu i stopniu samowystarczalności żywnościowej w Unii Europejskiej (Changes in consumption and food self-sufficiency in the European Union). Res. Pap. Wroc. Univ. Econ., 360, 19–27.

Dec, M., Pawlak, K., Poczta, W. (2008). Determinanty sytuacji wyżywieniowej ludności Świata [Determinants of food availability status around the world]. Wieś Roln., 2, 9–25.

FAO (2012). FAO statistical pocketbook. Rome: FAO.

FAO (2014). The state od food insecurity in the world. Rome:FAO.

FAOSTAT (n.d.). Retrieved March 29 2018 from: www.faostat.fao.org

Grzebisz, W., Szramka, H. (1998). Rolnictwo i leśnictwo. Wielka encyklopedia geografii świata [Agriculture and forestry. The great encyclopedia of world geography] (vol. XI). Poznań: Kurpisz.

Gulbicka, B. (2009). Problemy wyżywienia w krajach rozwijających się [Food problems in developing countries]. Warsaw: Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics – the National Research Institute.

Gulbicka, B. (2013). Problemy wyżywienia ludności na kontynencie afrykańskim [Problems of feeding the African population]. Warsaw: Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics – the National Research Institute.

Kołodko, G. (2008). Wędrujący świat [The migrant world]. Warsaw: Prószyński i S-ka.

Kwasek, M., Obiedzińska, A. (2014). Zrównoważone systemy rolnicze i zrównoważona dieta [Sustainable agricultural systems and a sustainable diet]. Warsaw: Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics – the National Research Institute.

Landes, D. (1998). The wealth and poverty of the nations. Why some are so rich and some so poor. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Paszkowski, S. (2015). Problemy światowego i europejskiego bezpieczeństwa żywnościowego [Global and European food security problems]. In: A. Czyżewski, B. Klepacki (Eds.), Problemy rozwoju rolnictwa i gospodarki żywnościowej w pierwszej dekadzie członkostwa Polski w Unii Europejskiej [Problems of the development of agriculture and food economics encountered in the first decade of Poland’s membership in the European Union] (p. 363–384). Warszawa: PTE.

Pawlak, K. (2016). Food security situation of selected highly developed countries against developing countries. J. Agribus. Rural Dev., 2(40), 385–398, doi: 10.17306/
JARD.2016.42

Sachs, J. (2005). The end of poverty. How we can make it happen in our lifetime. London: Penguin Books.

Sadowski, A. (2017). Wyżywieniowe i środowiskowe funkcje światowego rolnictwa – analiza ostatniego półwiecza [Nutritional and environmental functions of global agriculture: an analysis of the last five decades]. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Poznaniu.

Sadowski, A., Baer-Nawrocka, A. (2018). Food and environmental function in world agriculture – Interdependence or competition? Land Use Policy, 71, 578–583, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.11.005

Stanisz, A. (2007). Przystępny kurs statystyki z zastosowaniem STATISTICA PL na przykładzie medycyny [An accessible statistics course based on STATISTICA.PL illustrated by medical examples] (vol. 3). Multidimensional analyses. Kraków: Statsoft.

WorldBank (n.d.). Retrieved March 29 2018 from: www.worldbank.org

Zegar, J. S. (2012). Współczesne wyzwania rolnictwa [Challenges of modern agriculture]. Warszawa: Wyd. Nauk. PWN.
Download

Published : 2019-04-05


Śpiewak, R., & Jasiński, J. (2019). KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN THE ORGANIC FARMING SYSTEM: THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURAL ADVISORY SERVICE. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 51(1), 77–83. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2019.01111

Ruta Śpiewak  ruta.spiewak@irwirpan.waw.pl
Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development of the Polish Academy of Sciences  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8336-8414
Jakub Jasiński 
Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development of the Polish Academy of Sciences  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9964-7167


CitedBy Crossref
0

CitedBy Scopus
0

HTML tutorial

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.