Polish Organic Farming on the Background of the European Union in Light of New Regulations


Abstract

The theme of the development of organic farming in the EU and in Poland was taken up in the study, pointing out that organic production is an element of the EU agricultural product quality schemes. In this sense, organic production pursues the same objectives under the Common Agricultural Policy which are an integral part of all the EU systems of quality agricultural production. Within the EU, the number of organic farms increased from 124.8 thousand in 2004 to 186.2 thousand in 2010 (49.2%), while the level of organic crops increased respectively from 5.9 million hectares to 9.2 million hectares (55.9%). In Poland in 2013, there were 19,900 certified organic farms adding 6.7 thousand ones which were to undertake organic production during the socalled transition (adaptation) period. The average area of an organic farm was twice larger than that of the average size in the country. These farms occupied 1.4% of the total area of agricultural land including farms which are in the stage of transition. This area accounted for 2.0% of arable land in the country. An important part of the functioning of such farms was their certification, which implied products with logos and mandatory labelling. Financial support for organic farming was carried out within the framework of agrienvironmental programmes with participation of farmers in the food quality scheme of the RDP. Between 2014-2020, additional actions related to organic farming were undertaken.

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Published : 2017-12-31


Mickiewicz, B., & Lisiak, S. (2017). Polish Organic Farming on the Background of the European Union in Light of New Regulations. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 43(1), 125-132. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2017.00267

Bartosz Mickiewicz 
Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny w Szczecinie  Poland
Sebastian Lisiak 
Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny w Szczecinie  Poland


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