Analysis of efficiency differentials in Fadama III programme areas in Kogi State, Central Nigeria
Introduction: The impact of Fadama III programme on the efficiency levels of farmers in Kogi state, Nigeria was investigated.
Materials and methods: Primary data were obtained with a questionnaire administered to 382 respondents selected through a stratified random sampling procedure. The Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier production and cost functions were employed in the analyses. The resulting efficiency estimates for beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries were compared using the t-test.
Major findings: Efficiency analyses indicate that the quantities of Seed, fertilizer and agrochemicals used were the drivers of technical efficiency among both categories of farmers, while costs of land, fertilizer and family labour were the drivers of allocative efficiency. Technical efficiency estimates for both categories of farmers were 0.79 and 0.71 respectively and respective allocative efficiency estimates were 1.22 and 1.44. Mean comparison of the technical efficiency levels indicated a t-estimate of 2.52 (α= 0.0124) in favour of the beneficiaries while a t-estimate of -24.56 (α= 0.000) indicated that beneficiaries were also more allocatively efficient.
Conclusion: The beneficiaries, by acquiring skills and supports from Fadama III, became were more efficient than their non-benefiting counterparts. Continuous training will assist farmers to improve their efficiencies and reduce the noticed deficits.
Fadama III; farmers; beneficiaries; technical; allocative; efficiency
Akangbe, J. A., Ogunyinka, W., Ayanda, I. F., Achem, B. Adisa, R. S. (2012). An assessment of effects of Fadama II project on livelihood of farmers in orire local government area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 8(1), 27-32
Akoh, T.A. Shaibu, UM (2016) Technical efficiency of participating and non-participating fish production in Kogi state: a stochastic frontier model approach. International Journal of applied research and technology, 5(6), 1 -7
Ani, D. P. Umeh, J. C. Weye, A.E. (2013). Profitability and economic efficiency of groundnut production in Benue State, Nigeria. Afri j of Food, Agric, Nutr. and Devt., 13 (4), 8091–8105.
Asrat, P. Simane, B. (2018). Adapting small holder agriculture to climate change through sustainable land management practices: empirical evidence from north-west Ethiopia. Journal of agric science technology, 7, 289-301. https://doi.org/10.17265/2161-6256/2017.05.001
Ayanwale, A. B. Alimi, T. (2004). The Impact of the National Fadama Facility in Alleviating Rural Poverty and Enhancing Agricultural Development in South-Western Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences, 9(3), 157 – 161.
Babatunde, M. M., Abraham, B., Jubril, O. A. Atanda, T. A. (2017). Effect of Fadama III program on dry-season vegetable growers in Kwara State, Nigeria. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 38 (2017), 163 - 168
Bature, Y. M., Sanni, A. A and Adebayo, F. O. (2013). Analysis of impact of National Fadama Development projects on beneficiaries income and wealth in FCT, Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 4(17): 11 – 23.
Beshir H, Emana B, Kassa B. H. J. (2012) Determinants of chemical fertilizer technology adoption in NE highlands of Ethiopia: the double hurdle approach. J Res Econ Int Fin, 1, 39–49
Folayan, J. A. (2013). Socio-Economic Analysis of Fadama Farmers in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria. American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(1), 10 – 17. https://doi.org/10.11634/232907811604269
Guteta D, Abegaz A (2015). Factors influencing scaling up of agroforestry-based spatial land- use integration for soil fertility management in Arsamma Watershed, Southwestern Ethiopian Highlands. J Environ Plan Manag. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2015.1090960
Ike, P. C. (2012). An analysis of the impact of Fadama III project on poverty alleviation in Delta State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(2), 158 – 164. https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=DJ2012074364
Ja’afar-Furo, M. R., Bello, M. K., Mshelia, S. I. Hammanyaji, D. M. (2013). Role of Fadama III in improving the income of Fadama User Groups (FUGs) through agro-processing and market accessibility in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 5,(4), 129 – 134 https://doi.org/10.5897/JDAE12.090
Kwon-Ndung, E. H., Ishor, D. Kwon-Ndung, L. (2018). Analysis of the Midline Impact of Fadama III Agricultural Development Project on Poverty Alleviation among Beneficiaries in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2, (2), 133-144. https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2018.141.6
Muhammad, H. U., Umar, B. F., Abubakar, B. Z. Abdullahi, A. S. (2011). Assessment of factors influencing beneficiary participation in Fadama II Project in Niger State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science,19, (2), 248 - 252. https://doi.org/10.4314/NJBAS.V19I2
Ogbonna, M. O. Nwaobiala, C. U. (2014). Effect of Fadama III Project on Rural Farm Women Production in Gombe State, Nigeria. Nig. J of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 10, (1), 13-18.
Olabisi, O. O. (2012). Resource Use Efficiency among Fadama Crop Farmers in Ibadan/Ibarapa Agricultural Zone of Oyo State, Nigeria. MSc Thesis submitted to the Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 79pp.
Olaolu, M. O. Akinnagbe, O. M. (2014). Constraints and strategies for improving agricultural intervention Programmes in Nigeria: A Case of National Fadama Development Project Phase II in Kogi State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 18,(2), 164 – 172 https://doi.org/10.4314/jae.v18i2.17
Olaolu, M. O., Akinnagbe, O. M. Agber, T. (2013). Impact of National Fadama Development Project Phase (II) on poverty and food security among rice farming beneficiaries in Kogi State, Nigeria. American Journal of Research Publication,10, 280 – 299. http://www.usa-journals.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Olaolu_Vol110.pdf
Ominikari A. G., Kuforiji, O. A. Eshiet A. A. (2017). Assessment of the benefits of National Fadama III Agricultural Project among participants through her activities (Indicators) in Bayelsa State. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology, 2,(4) 2149 – 2155
Onuche, U. Oladipo, M (2020). Effect of farm level economic efficiency on income poverty status of rural farm households in Kogi state, central Nigeria. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation andDevelopment. https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/UCIPJ6FFDGIY6TJUDZ46/full?target=10.1080/20421338.2020.1831130
Onuche, U, Opaluwa, H.I. Edoka, M.H (2014). Ill health and Agricultural production: evidence from Kogi state of Nigeria. Afri j of Food, Agric, Nutr. and Devt., 14, (1), 8488-8503.
Onuche, U. Ibitoye, S.J. Anthony, T (2020). Profitability and Efficiency of Bambara Groundnut Production in Kogi, Nigeria. Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 32,(2), 92-101. https://roaae.org/1336-9261/doi/abs/10.15414/raae.2020.23.02.92-101
Osondu C. K., Ijioma J. C., Udah S. C., Emerole C. O. (2015). Impact of National Fadama III Development Project in Alleviating Poverty of Food Crop Farmers in Abia State, Nigeria. American Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 3,(4), 225-233.
Raufu M. O. Masuku, M. B. (2013). The Effect of National Fadama Development Project II on poverty alleviation of rural farming household in Surulere Local Government of Oyo State, Nigeria. Applied Science Reports, 4, (2), 198-202.
Simonyan, J. B. Omolehin, R. A. (2012). Analysis of Impact of Fadama II Project on Beneficiary Farmers’ Income in Kaduna State: A Double Difference Method Approach. International Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, 1,(1), 1 – 8.
World bank (n.d) The third National Fadama Development Project. Retrieved from: https://projects.worldbank.org/en/projects-operations/project-detail/P096572 27th January 2021.
World Bank (2020). Nigeria releases new report on poverty and inequality in country. Retrieved from:https://www.worldbank.org/en/programs/lsms/brief/nigeria-releases-new-report-on-poverty-and-inequality-in-country#:~:text=The%20National%20Bureau%20of%20Statistics,naira%20(%24381.75)%20per%20year on 17th February 2021
Yakubu, M., Gambo, A. J., Michael, M. W., Joseph, S. O. Usman, M. H. (2019). Factors Influencing Participation of Cassava Farmers in Survival Farming Intervention Programme in Kogi State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 23,(2), 22 – 30
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.