AGRICULTURAL LAND USE AND POPULATION GROWTH IN NIGERIA. THE NEED FOR SYNERGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION


Abstract

The study examined the relationship between agricultural land use and population growth rates from 1961 to 2018 in Nigeria. Secondary data were obtained from Food and Agricultural Organization and the World Bank. Descriptive statistics, trend equation and correlation analyses were used. Findings revealed that agricultural and arable land utilization grew at the rate of 0.62% and 0.72%, respectively per annum; while the total population growth rate stood at 2.57%. Also, urban and rural population grew at a rate of 4.75% and 1.67% respectively. In addition, the agricultural and arable land utilization rates had significant positive correlations with the total population, urban and rural population. Besides, the findings revealed that, agricultural land (to total land ratio) has continued to increase and currently averaged at 68.78% indicating massive land expansion put under agricultural used. Findings revealed that, most arable crop outputs increase majorly from land expansion rather than land productivity, a situation that cannot assure sustainable agricultural land use food security in a near future. Hence, the country needs agricultural land sparing policies and technologies to slow the current agricultural land expansion drive. Besides, the country’s agricultural land policies should focus on achieving land productivity and sustainable land-sharing strategies among major land users in the country. Again, the rural population growth rate is lower than the urban growth rate, implying that, the rural population is deteriorating with its probable negative effect on farm labour. This needs to be addressed urgently if the sustainable agricultural system is to be achieved in the near future in Nigeria.

Keywords

Agricultural land, population growth rate, synergy, sustainability, Nigeria

Adedeji, O. H, Olayinka, O. O., and Nwanya, F. C. (2014). Soil and Water Pollution Levels in and around Urban Scrapyards, IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, Volume 8, Issue 4; PP 01-08
Akpan, S. B., Okon, U. E., and Ernest, I. J. (2019a). Factors influencing the Utilization of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer in Small scale Waterleaf Production in Eket agricultural Zone of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development; Vol. 22(1): 4019-4026.

Akpan, S. B., Akpan, O. D. and Ernest1, I. J. (2019b). Analysis of Soil Enhancing Technology use intensity in Waterleaf Production in Eket Agricultural Zone of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Journal of Wetlands and Waste Management, Vol. 3(1): 41 – 48.

Akpan, S. B., and Udom, S. D. (2018). Analysis of Structure of Agricultural Land-use among Small Scale Arable crop Farmers in OrukAnam Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agriculture, Technology, and Environment; 7 (1): 24-37.
Akpan, S. B., Ini-mfon V., Glory E. and Daniel E., (2012). Agricultural Productivity and Macroeconomic Variable Fluctuationin Nigeria. International Journal of Economics and Finance; Vol. 4, No. 8; Pp. 114 –125.
Chappell L., Latorre M., Rutter J., and Shah, J. (2009). Migration and Rural Economies: Assessing and addressing risks. Economics of Migration Working Paper 6. WWW.IPPR.ORG.
Dayo, P., Ephraim, N., John P., and Omobowal A., (2009). Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A Review. Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) Background Paper No. NSSP 006.
Enaruvbe, G. O. and Atedhor, G. O. (2015). Spatial analysis of agricultural land-use change in Asaba, southern Nigeria. Ife Journal of Science; 17, (1); 65 – 74.
Federal Ministry of Environment, (2019). National Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL) for the Federal Republic of Nigeria. A publication of the Federal Department of Forestry, Federal Ministry of Environment, page 1 – 54.
Igbolo, M. A., and Adaka, S. S. (2017). Labour Migration In The Federal Capital Territory: Examining Its Impact On The Socio-Economic Development Of Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja. IOSR Journal of Humanities And Social Science; 22, ( 2); 04 -19.
National Bureau of Statistics (2015). Labour productivity in Nigeria (q1 2015): A short analysis. Retrieved from NBS website on 29th of September 2019.
Odetola, T., and Etumnu, C. (2013). Contribution of Agriculture to Economic Growth in Nigeria. A paper meant for presentation at the 18th Annual Conference of the African Econometric Society (AES) Accra, Ghana at the session organized by the Association for the Advancement of African Women Economists (AAAWE), 22nd and 23rd July.
Shuhei Shimada, S. (1999). A study of increased food production in Nigeria: The effect of the structural adjustment program on the local level. African Study Monographs, 20(4): 175- 227.
The National Population Commission (2006). The publication of NPC at https://nigeriacrvs.gov.ng/ Retrieved on the 17th of March, 2020.
The National Population Commission (2020). Publication of the NPC at its website. Retrieved on the 24th of September, 2020. https://nigeriacrvs.gov.ng/.
Wan, G., & Cheng, E. (2001). Effects of land fragmentation and returns to scale in the Chinese farming sector. Applied Economics, 33, 183–194. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840121811.
Udoh, E., & Akpan, S. (2007). Measuring technical efficiency of waterleaf (Talinum triangulure) production in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. American Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environment Science, 518–522.
Download

Published : 2021-10-02


Akpan, S., & Ebong, V. (2021). AGRICULTURAL LAND USE AND POPULATION GROWTH IN NIGERIA. THE NEED FOR SYNERGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 61(3), 261–270. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2021.01424

Sunday Brownson Akpan  sundayakpan@aksu.edu.ng
AKWA IBOM STATE UNIVERSITY, MKPAT-ENIN, AKWA IBOM, NIGERIA  Nigeria
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0458-028X
Victor O. Ebong 
University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State Nigeria  Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension

Associate Professor




CitedBy Crossref
0

CitedBy Scopus
0

HTML tutorial

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.