A Binary Logistic Analysis on Factors Affecting the Participation of Smallholder Farmers in the Market of Indigenous Chickens (ICs)
Participation in the market of Indigenous Chickens (ICs) enables farmers an opportunity to generate income and alleviate household food insecurity. The objectives of the study were to profile the socioeconomic characteristics of smallholder farmers and; to determine the factors influencing participation of smallholder farmers in the market of ICs. The study employed purposive and snowball sampling techniques to identify 50 indigenous chicken farmers in Makhuduthamaga Local Municipality, South Africa. Descriptive statistics and Binary Logistic regression model were employed to address the objectives of the study. The results revealed that, most smallholder farmers do not participate in the market of ICs. Moreover, experience in rearing chickens, land size, number of chickens owned, and purpose of rearing the chickens were found as factors influencing participation of farmers in the market of ICs. The study also confirmed that female farmers dominate in the market of ICs when compared to males. This, therefore, calls for government intervention in the promotion of ICs markets to encourage participation by farmers thus improving livelihoods.
Indigenous Chickens, Market participation, Binary Logistic
Abeykoon M.N.D.F., Weerahewa, J., Silva, G.L.L.P. (2013). Determinants of Market Participation by Indigenous Poultry Farmers: A Case Study in Anuradhapura District in Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research, 24 (4): 347 – 361.
Ahlers, C., Alders, R., Bagnol, B., Cambaza., A.B., Harun., Mgomezulu, R., Msami, H., Pym, B., Wegener, P., Wethi, E., Young, M. (2009). Improving village chicken production: A manual for field workers and trainers, Australian center for international Agricultural Research Monograph No. 139, Canberra, 194 pages.
Akidi, I.L., Wamala, S.K., Mugonola, B. (2018). Determinants of Smallholder Indigenous Chicken Farmers’ Market Participation Decisions and Value of Sales in Gulu District. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 10(8): 271-278.
Assefa, H. (2019). The role of poultry for poor households in Ethiopia, International Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, 4(3):1-4.
Ayieko, M.O.D., Bett, E.K., Kabuage, L.W. (2015). Analysis of indigenous chicken marketing participation decisions: The case of producers from Makueni County, Kenya East Africa, Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 81(1): 12-17.
Bett, R., Bhuiyan, A., Khan, M., Silva, G., Thuy, L., Sarker, S., Abeykoon, M. (2014). Indigenous Chicken Production in the South and South East Asia, Livestock Research for Rural Development, 26 (12): 1-8.
Bwalya, R. (2014). An analysis of the value chain for indigenous chickens in Zambia’s Lusaka and Central provinces, 2(2): 32-51.
Chumngoen, W., Tan, F. (2015). Relationship between descriptive sensory attributes and physicochemical analysis of broiler and Taiwan native chicken breast meat, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science, 28(7): 1028-1037.
Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA). (2009). State of Local Government in South Africa. Overview Report: National State of Local Government Assessments, Working Documents. Retrieved from http://www.cogte.gov.za.
Grobberlaar, J.A.N., Sutherland, B., Malalakgotla, N.M. (2010). Egg production potential of certain indigenous chicken breeds from South Africa, Animal Genetic Resources, 46:25-32.
Gujarati, D.N. 2010. Basic econometrics, 4th edition, New York: McGraw Hill. pp. 211 255.
Haoua, M.T., Keambou, C.T., Poutougnigni, M.Y., Manjeli, Y. (2015). Characterisation of indigenous chicken production systems in the Sudano-sahelian Zone of Cameroon, Livestock Research for Rural Development, 27(2).
Horsted, K., Allesen-Holm, B.H., Hermansen, J.E., Kongsted, A.G. (2012). Sensory profiles of breast meat from broilers reared in an organic niche production system and conventional standard broilers, Journal of the Science of Food Agriculture, 92: (2): 258-265.
Kattel, P. (2016). Socio-economic importance of indigenous poultry in Nepal, Poultry, Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences, 4(1):1-3.
Kriel, (2019). Indigenous chicken breeds. Available from: http://southafrica.co.za/indigenous-chicken-breeds.html
Kumarr, R. (2012). Small flocks feed India. Available from: http://poultrybookstore.blogspot.com/2012/09/
Kyule, N., Mwangi, J., Nkurumwa, O. (2014). Indigenous chicken marketing channels among small-scale farmers in Mau-Narok Division of Nakuru County, Kenya, 1(9): 1-10.
Larbi, M., M’Hamdi, N., Haddad, B. (2013). Indigenous chicken production systems in villages in the south of Tunisia, Livestock Research for Rural Development, 25(6).
Makhuduthamaga Local Municipality Integrated Development Plan (2018). Makhuduthamaga Local Municipality IDP 2018. Retrieved fromhttp://www.makhuduthamaga.gov.za/?q=2018_2019_idp_budget
Makhura, T. (2001). Overcoming transaction costs barriers to market participation of smallholder farmers in the Northern Province of South Africa, PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
Malatji, P., Tsotetsi, M., Maerle-Köster, V., Muchadeyi, C. (2016). A description of village chicken production systems and prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites: Case studies in Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces of South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 83(1): 1-8.
McCarthy, M., O’Reilly, S., Catter, L., De Beor, M. (2004). Factors influencing consumption of pork and poultry in the Iris market, Appettite, 43(1): 19-28.
Mirembe, A. (2018). Determinants of participation in the indigenous chicken market by stallholder farmers in Busia District, Eastern Uganda, Master’s Thesis, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
Moges, F., Tegegne, A., Dessie, T. (2010): Indigenous chicken production and marketing systems in Ethiopia: Characteristics and opportunities for market-oriented development, Working Paper, 24, 66 pages.
Mohamed, A., Hailemariam, S., Gebremedhin, G., Gebeyew, K. (2016). Challenges and opportunities of smallscale poultry production system in Jigjiga Zone, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia, Poultry, Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences, 4(1): 1-6.
Mtileni, B.J., Muchayedi, F.C., Maiwashe, A., Chimonyo, M., Dzama, K. 2012. Conservation and utilisation of indigenous chicken generic resources in Southern Africa. Worlds Poultry Science Journal, 68: 727-748.
Nkukwana, T.T. (2018). Global poultry production current impact and future outlook of the South African poultry industry, South African Journal of Animal Science, 48(5): 869-884.
Ouma, E., Jagwe, I., Obare, G., Abele, S. (2010). Determinants of smallholder farmers’ participation in banana markets in Central Africa: The role of transaction costs, The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economics, 41(2): 111-122.
Padhi, M.K. (2016). Importance of indigenous breeds of chicken for rural economy and their improvements for higher production performance, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2604685.
Sebho, H. (2016): Exotic chicken status, production performance and constraints in Ethiopia: A review, Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 10(1): 30-39.
Simon, G.K., Ngigi, M., Hillary, K. (2015). Determinants of farmer participation in collective marketing and intensity of participation in indigenous chicken markets in Western Kenya, IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 8(10): 98-105.
Sokołowicz, Z., Krawczyk, J., Światkiewicz, S. (2016). Quality of poultry meat from native chicken breeds-A Review, Annals of Animal Science, 16(2): 347-368.
Statistics South Africa (StatsSA), (2016). Provincial profile: Limpopo Community Survey 2016, Report No. 030115. Retrieved fromwww.statssa.gov.za/?page_id=993&id=makhuduthamaga-municipality
Tabler, T. (2019). Importance of indigenous chickens to rural African communities. Available from: http://extension.msstate.edu/publications/importance-indigenous-chickensrural african-communities-1
Tarekegn, K., Yosefe, K. (2017). Determinants of poultry market participation decisions: the case of producers in Kaffa and Bench Majji Zones, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 8(3):17-27.
Tarwireyi, L., Fanadzo, M. (2013). Production of indigenous chickens for household food security in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 8(46): 5833-5840.
Wanjugu, N. (2015). Social-economics influence on indigenous poultry production project in Kenya: A case of Machakos indigenous poultry, International Journal of Education and Research, 3(1): 1-12.
Wong, J., Bruyn, J., Bagnol, B., Grieve, H., Lie, M., Pym, R., Alders, R. (2017). Small-scale poultry and food security in resource poor settings: A review, Global Food Security, 15: 43-52.
Zegba, A. (2010). Analysis of poultry market chain: The case of Dale and Alaba ‘Special’ Woredas of SNNPRD, Ethiopia, Master of Science thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- Mmaphuti Andrias Nkoana, Machuene Sharlyn Cholo, Jan Johannes Hlongwane, Abenet Belete, DETERMINANTS OF HOUSEHOLDS’ WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR WATER AND ELECTRICITY IN MOLETJIE UNDER AGANANG MUNICIPALITY, LIMPOPO PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA , Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development: Vol 51 No 1 (2019)