MIXED FARMING AMONG HERDER HOUSEHOLDS IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
The notion that herder households only restrict their livelihood strategy to the rearing of livestock most often than not excludes the group from the right to access land for the agricultural activity they engage in. This study investigated the participation of herder households in sedentary agriculture (crop production) in Niger state, Nigeria. Findings from this study show that herder households in the study area are no longer strictly livestock keepers; they participate in crop production just like crop farmers who also combine the cultivation of crops with livestock keeping. The results also revealed that most herder households (66%) that engage in crop production cultivate cereals; other crops cultivated by herder households in the study area include tuber crops (22%) and vegetables. Regarding herder household farm outputs, most of the harvests are at the subsistence level, with the harvests ranging between 300 kg and 750 kg. Identified drivers of herder households’ participation in crop production include: duration of stay in a particular locality, increase in household size, economic motives (grain price), and reducing the dependence on crop farmers for food supply. Therefore, this study recommends that interest of herder households in cultivating crops be sustained and encouraged. The participation of herder households in crop production will enhance their own food security status in the first instance and throughout the area in general.
herders; crop production; cereals and vegetables; participation drivers; households
Bwala, M. A., Tiamiyu, S. A. (2015). Determinants of Market Surplus Availability of Cereal Crops Among Farm Households in North Central Nigeria. Niger. Agric. J., 46(1&2).
Degev, A. A. (2011). Transformation of Borana from nomadic patoralisme to agropastoralists and shift of livestock from cattle to include more goats, camels and sheep in southern Ethiopia. Int. J. Bus. Glob., 6, 3–4.
FAO (2001). Pastoralism in the new millennium: FAO animal production and health paper 150. Rome: Food and Agricultural Organization.
Gefu, J. O., Kolawole, A. (2002). Conflict in common property resource use: experiences from an irrigation project. Paper prepared for 9th conference of the international association for the study of common property. Indiana.
Haruna, U., Murtala, N. (2005). Commodity chain analysis of cattle marketing in Nigeria; A case study of K.R.I.P. Area of Kano State A Report Submitted to Adeni project/ NAERLS ZARIA. 38p.
Kervin, C. (1992). Customary Commerce: A Historical Reassessment of Pastoral Livestock Marketing in Africa. Published by the Overseas Development Institute, Regent’s College, Inner Circle, Regent’s Park, London NW1 4NS. Russell Press Ltd, Nottingham.
Mbih, R. A., Driever, S. L., Ndzeidze, S. K. Mbuh, M. J., Bongadzem, C. S., Wirngo, H. M. (2018). Fulani pastoralists’ transformation process: a sustainable development ap¬proach in the Western Highlands of Cameroon. Env. Dev. Sust., 20(2), 789–807.
Mgbenka, N. R., Mbah, E., Ike, E. (2015). A Review of Small holder Farming in Nigeria: Need for Transformation. Ag¬ric. Eng. Res. J., 5(2), 19–26.
Muhammed, I., Ismaila, A. B., Bibi, U. M. (2015). An assessment of farmer-pastoralist conflict in Nigeria using GIS 1. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Invent., 4(7), 23–33.
Ofuoku, A. U., Isife, B. I. (2010). Causes, Effects And Resolution Of Farmers-Nomadic Cattle Herders Conflict In Delta State, Nigeria. Agric. Trop. Subtrop., 43(1), 33–41.
Okello, A. L., Majekodunimi, A. O., Malala, A., Welburn, S. C., Smith, J. (2014). Identifying motivators for state pastoralist dialogue: Exploring the relationship between livestock services, self-organization and conflict in Nigeria’s pastoralist Fulani. Res. Policy Pract., 4 (12).
Olusanya, T. P., Fabusoro, E., Talabi, A. O. (2014). Involvement of Fulani agro-pastoralists in livestock marketing in Ogun state, Nigeria. Int. J. Edu. Res., 2(9), 297–306.
Oseni, G., Corral, P., Goldstein, M., Winters, P. (2014). Explaining Gender Differentials in Agricultural Production in Nigeria The World Bank Group. Africa Region Gender Practice Policy Brief. Issue 6.
Sodiya, C. I., Adedire, M. O., Lawal-Abebowale, O. A. (2009). Land holding rights of Fulani pastoralists and its effect on their Agro-pastoral production system in Ogun State, Nigeria. Tropicultura, 27(2), 65–69.
Samuel, T. (2013). From cattle herding to sedentary agriculture: the role of Hamer women in the transition. African Study Monographs, Suppl. 46, 121–133.
UNCHR (2005). Livestock-keeping and animal husbandry in refugee and returnee situation (A practical Handbook for Improved Management). Geneva.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.